Today, the importance that we give to our physical appearance is increasing. We want to feel at ease with our body and, for this, we use millions of products, go to the gym, and even resorted to cosmetic surgery. The problem comes when this concern becomes an obsession and we are never agreeable with our body. This is what is known as Body Dysmorphic Disorder (BDD).
Previously known as dysmorphophobia, this disorder makes the patient identify defects throughout their body, although in the majority of occasions are just a fruit of your imagination. This increases your concern and anxiety to excessive levels. In consequence, it comes to suffer so much psychological distress that their social performance and employment is impaired.
This disorder has no single cause, however, the majority of researchers agree that it could be a combination of factors-biological, psychological, and environmental of the past or the present.
The symptoms may start to appear in adolescence, which is the time in which there are frequent criticisms regarding the physical appearance of the person. In addition, you can be accompanied by other disorders such as depression or social phobia.
Although this disease is considered one of the major risk factors for suicide, many times we do not give the importance it requires. In these cases, psychotherapy, cognitive-behavioral therapy and selective inhibitors of the collection of serotonin (SSRIs) are essential in the treatment.
We already know the cases of celebrities, such as Kim Kardashian, who has confessed to suffering from this disorder. In its day, Kim said that affected him too much criticism about her physical appearance because she was suffering dystrophy body.
On the other hand, and unfortunately, we have also known cases such as Kristyna Martelli, the model who died after having more than 100 aesthetic surgery operations.
It is estimated that almost 2% of the population suffers from Body Dysmorphic Disorder, so it is important that you go to a specialist if you suspect that someone you know may be experiencing it.