If you are one of those people who eat at the speed of light, maybe you will taper your eating habits after knowing the information that a new study has revealed about the problems of eating too fast.
Scarfing down your food not only makes you gain weight but can also cause heart problems, according to a preliminary investigation, presented at the scientific sessions of the American Heart Association of California.
For the study, researchers from Japan analyzed over 1,000 people for 5 years. The participants underwent a health examination at the beginning of the study in 2008 and at the end of the same, in 2013, to compare the results. In addition, they also had to complete a few surveys that asked about their diet, the exercises they performed and their medical history.
The data revealed that those participants who claimed to eat in a hurry were more likely to gain weight and to have higher levels of sugar and “bad” cholesterol in the blood.
Those who eat too fast are twice as likely to develop metabolic syndrome (a group of risk factors such as high blood pressure or abdominal obesity associated with heart disease, diabetes, and stroke) compared with people who eat at a normal speed.
“This is due to the fact that eating food quickly may cause fluctuations in blood sugar, which can lead to a resistance to insulin”, said the lead author of the study, Takayuki Yamaji.
Said another way, this means that your body can’t absorb blood glucose so easily. This will cause that every time you will need more insulin to enable the glucose to enter your cells.
With time, this can degenerate into type 2 diabetes and heart disease, as high levels of sugar in the blood can damage nerves and blood vessels.
On the other hand, those who eat slowly are less likely to be obese, according to a number of previous investigations.
Why eating slowly may be beneficial?
“Consciously chewing your food releases satiety signals to your brain,“ says Kathleen Melanson, Ph.D., of the University of Rhode Island, who also has studied the relationship between the speed with which we eat, and weight gain. Once the brain realizes that you’ve eaten enough, you are less likely to keep eating.
Because there is a specific formula that indicates how much time we spend sitting at the table, the experts recommend focussing on the texture of the food. Try this: chew the food enough so that it acquires a smooth consistency and without lumps. when you expect that it has reached the stomach, breathe in and then take your next bite.