The bruxism is a parafunción mandibular persistent, which is commonly known as grinding of the teeth. This can occur during the day or at night. The more frequent and more difficult of control is that associated with the dream.
There is No exact cause of bruxism, but the daily stress is the trigger in most people. As a result, suffer from headaches and jaw.
According to dr. Núria Roure, a specialist in sleep disorders, bruxism is a disorder associated with the mode of modern life. The person who suffers from bruxism takes the stress that builds up throughout the day to bed. Unconsciously, while you sleep, begins to chew and clench the jaw making the teeth regimen.
“The causes of bruxism secondary (which is not directly related to a disease or medication) is dependent on the personality of the person. How it responds to stress and anxiety during a season of nerves is the key to trigger this predisposition.”
After knowing this, it is curious that the people most affected by bruxism are children. Between a 15% and 20% of children suffer from bruxism. In the case of adults, only 9% have this habit of the unconscious.
Genetic factors are inherited and are the key in 50% of cases, although the consumption of alcohol, tobacco or stimulants in the evening can also trigger. Night-time bruxism is also often associated with other pathologies of sleep and breathing disorders or restless leg syndrome nerve. Even so, the teeth grinding does not affect too much the quality of sleep.
But bruxism is not only for a night, there are also people who suffer from a day, although it is less frequent and easier to avoid.
As a treatment, the dentists often recommend a dental guard or splint. However, according to Roure, that is not enough.
Says that people who suffer from bruxism, you should modify your habits both day and night. In fact, it ensures that you avoid stimulants late at night, be regular in the time to go to sleep, make relaxation exercises and, if necessary, seek psychological help, they can be very effective.
The splint will soothe the pain produced by the bruxism, but it will not attack the real causes. On the other hand, the physical therapy will also come in handy to reduce tensions in the neck that affect jaw and relax the area.